In this late summer, Perdido Bay seems to have a little more life....People are reporting crabs and mullet in the lower bay....In the upper bay, some grassbeds are trying to grow around mouths of bayous.....Upper Perdido Bay is impaired for the bacteria Micrococcus and nutrients.....Perdido Bay is a very poor place to put any type of pollution because there is inadequate flushing of even well treated effluents.....A recent ecological survey of the upper bay showed how little life remains in the bay (read the report below).....We are seeing less foam but on calm mornings, there is a sheen on the surface of the water...... International Paper has filed its application to renew its permit and to get site specific water quality limits for Perdido Bay....IP's effluent has been found to be toxic to water flea reproduction.....IP is not meeting standards in the wetlands just as its didn't meet standards in Elevenmile Creek.....Dioxins, PCBs and Furans are present in paper mill sludges....Increasing levels of PCBs have been found in paper mill sludges in Tee and Wicker Lakes (see the table below).....Recently large beds of mussels have disappeared from marsh grasses in the Upper Bay.....What chemical could have caused the death of mussels? ..However, we are seeing return of some grassbeds in some sections of Perdido Bay.. Will the Florida DEP issue another permit to pollute Perdido Bay?......We will see Read the history of Friends of Perdido Bay's fight to save our bay...."Perdido Bay Blues" on Amazon.... $12.50....
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Photos of algae in 1988 - too many nutrients

Pollution of Perdido Bay by the papermill

2018 pictures of pollution

2017 pictures of pollution

2016 pictures of pollution

2015 pictures of pollution

2014 pictures of pollution

2013 pictures of pollution

2012 pictures of pollution

2011 pictures of pollution

2010 pictures of pollution

2009 pictures of pollution

2008 pictures of pollution

Photo Page

More Photos

Favorite Links

A short history of Perdido Bay

PB 2004 Bacteria Report

PB 2005 Bacteria Report

PB 2006 Bacteria Report

PB 2007 Bacteria Report

PB 2008 Bacteria Report

PB 2009 Bacteria Report

PB 2010 Bacteria Report

PB 2011 Bacteria Report

PB 2012 Bacteria Report

PB 2013 Bacteria Report

PB 2014 Bacteria Report

PB 2015 Bacteria Report

PB 2016 Bacteria Report

PB 2017 and 2018 Bacteria Report

Documents Page

Bacteriological Survey of Perdido watershed

Dioxin in Perdido Bay

Environmental Survey of Perdido Watershed

Pictures of Perdido River

Grass beds in tributary of Perdido Bay show herbicidal effects of International Papers effluent. The chlorophyll and chloroplasts have been damaged and the fronds are red. Light appears to enhance the problem as the base of the fronds are green. Click to see 2-toned grass bed plants. Click to see more red fronds.

Diagram of oyster bars in Northern Gulf of Mexico 1883. Notice oysters in Upper Perdido Bay

International Paper releases huge amounts of toxic chemicals (COD) every day. IP's average Chemical Oxygen Demand(COD) in December 2017 was 40,349 pounds per day. Click to see chart of 2017 and 2018 IP releases. Also a graph Click to see Chemical Oxygen Demand in Pounds per day from 2013 to present

Various government agencies report that there were never any grassbeds in upper Perdido Bay. This is not true. In 1990, Fish and Wildlife did a report on seagrasses in Perdido Bay from aerial photos. Click for part of report

The Florida DEP has adopted nutrient limits for Perdido Bay. They are very high - 1.27 mg/l for Total Nitrogen in the Upper Bay and Total Phosphorus of 0.102 mg/l. The limits do not match the supporting documents. WHY? Click for the Supporting document

Friends of Perdido Bay commissioned an ecological study for Upper Perdido Bay. The study demonstrates how little life is present. Click for report

A new threat to the water quality in Perdido Bay has arisen. Bayou Marcus waste water treatment plant is increasing its discharge to wetlands which drain into Perdido Bay. Studies have shown that there will be a net increase in nutrients entering Perdido Bay from this sewage. Click to read the 2018 Draft permit for Bayou Marcus

PCBs are going up in Tee and Wicker Lakes Click for PCB and Dioxins. Heavy metals and mercury are increasing in Wicker and Tee Lakes. Click for Metals

Perdido Bay makes up the border between Florida and Alabama. Perdido Bay encompasses an area of about 50 square miles with the state line running approximately down the centerline of the bay. It has an elongated shape which lies along a northeast-southwest axis. Perdido Bay is relatively shallow in the Upper part near the mouth of the Perdido River but gets deeper toward the Gulf of Mexico

The Perdido River provides most of the fresh water (>70%) for Perdido Bay. The Perdido River is a Florida outstanding water and the water quality in the upper Perdido River is considered to be very good. On a Sunday afternoon, sitting in the river on a lawn chair is refreshing. Click for visual image. The Perdido Bay watershed covers 1205 square miles which is considered large for a small bay. The Upper part of Perdido Bay and to some extent lower Perdido Bay are polluted with wastes from a paper mill, now owned by International Paper Company. See the photo pages and pollution page on the left.

If you wish to join Friends of Perdido Bay Click to download form

A member who passed away recently remembered how bountiful and beautiful Perdido Bay was.
Click for her words